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Co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund in the framework of the programme Interreg IVA Grande Région.
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mines prehistoriques by ines saraiva at flickr.com
neolithic mines of SpiennesMines prehistoriques Spiennes panneau by ines saraiva at flickr.comRestoration of Neolithic man of SpiennesDeux spécimen de pics trouvés à Spiennes Pics en silex trouvés à Spiennes

Minières néolithiques de silex de Spiennes

Summary

The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes, covering more than 100 ha, are the largest and earliest concentration of ancient mines in Europe. They are also remarkable for the diversity of technological solutions used for extraction and for the fact that they are directly linked to a settlement of the same period.

More information

The arrival of the Neolithic cultures marked a major milestone in human cultural and technological development, which is vividly illustrated by the vast complex of ancient flint mines at Spiennes. The mines at Spiennes provide exceptional testimony to early human inventiveness and application. The mining centres, like the higher settlements, show there were already major changes taking place in Europe in the 5th and 4th millennia BCE. They constitute a landmark between the first settled communities and the emergence, probably in the Bronze Age, of true 'clan centres'.

Currently the site appears on the surface as a large area of meadows and fields strewn with millions of scraps of worked flint. Underground the site is an immense network of galleries linked to the surface by vertical shafts dug by Neolithic man. The authenticity of the Neolithic flint mines of Spiennes is total. Many have never been excavated and those which are open to the public are in their original condition, with the exception of some modern shoring and props for security reasons.

www.unesco.org

Related buildings or venues
Minières néolithiques de silex de Spiennes
rue du Point du Jour
7032 Spiennes
Belgique
Phone:
0032(0)65353478
E-mail:
secret@MinesDeSpiennes.org
E-mail:
tresor@MinesDeSpiennes.org
Internet:
http://www.minesdespiennes.org
Internet:
http//www.unesco.org
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