The amphitheatre of Trier was situated at the city limits of the Augusta Treverorum, in the extreme west of today Germany. The city has been an important colony during the defence of the Roman Empire against the Germanic Barbarians. The amphitheatre was built around 100 AD and was improved and embellished during the following centuries.
The arena was 75 m long and 50 m large and could receive from 25 000 to 30 000 spectators. It was one of the ten biggest roman amphitheatres.
Inside the wall, 14 small rooms had been dug, probably in order to install cages for animals. Under the arena, a basement offered space for machinery, which moved the lifts and the stage itself. Today, the basement is excavated and accessible to the public.
The principal entries in the north and south were designed as triumphal portals with three gates. In the 4th and 5th century, the amphitheatre served as a town gate. Later in the Middle Ages it was used as a quarry.
In 1986, the UNESCO inscribed the amphitheatre, and the other roman monuments in Trier, on its list of world cultural heritage.
Today, the amphitheatre offers concerts and parts of the roman festival Brot und Spiele with simulations of gladiator battles.
Dom zu Trier / CathĂ©drale de TrĂ¨ves / Cathedral of Trier, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz
Igeler SĂ¤ule / MausolĂ©e d'Igel / Igel Column, Igel - Rheinland-Pfalz
Kaiserthermen Trier / Thermes impĂ©riaux de TrĂ¨ves / Imperial Baths Trier, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz
Konstantin-Basilika Trier, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz
Liebfrauenkirche Trier, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz
Porta Nigra, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz
RĂ¶merbrĂĽcke Trier / Pont Romain TrĂ¨ves / Roman Bridge Trier, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz
Trier - RĂ¶mische BaudenkmĂ¤ler / TrĂ¨ves - monuments romains / Trier - roman monuments, Trier - Rheinland-Pfalz